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OH 2004 Citizenship Gr 9

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  • Which of the following statements describes the primary purpose of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787?


    to establish state boundaries for the lands in the Northwest Territory

    to provide a system of government for the Northwest Territory

    to settle all previous land disputes with Canada over the Northwest Territory

    to grant reservation lands to the American Indians living in the Northwest Territory



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  • A major purpose for writing the Bill of Rights was to


    safeguard the individual freedoms of United States citizens.

    require that criminals be punished for their crimes.

    declare that United States residents had the right to vote.

    state the grievances of the colonies against England.



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  • Which of the following documents states that if
    a government destroys the safety and happiness
    of its people, the people have the right to create
    a new government?

    the Constitution of the United States

    the Declaration of Independence

    the Northwest Ordinance of 1787

    the Bill of Rights



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  • According to 1990 census data, three
    continents provided over 80% of the foreign
    born population of the United States. Those
    continents were:


    North America 39.4%
    Asia 25.0%
    Europe 22.2%

    Based on this information, which of the
    following is a reasonable conclusion about the
    United States?


    The size of the United States population is decreasing.

    English is the only language spoken in the United States.

    Immigration has no effect on the United States population.

    People with diverse backgrounds continue to make up the United States.



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  • Based on the information above, which of the following statements is most accurate?


    The pet owner's viewpoint is based on facts.

    The veterinarian's viewpoint is based on opinions.

    The pet owner's viewpoint is supported by information that can be verified.

    The veterinarian's viewpoint is supported by information that can be verified.



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  • The Pledge of Allegiance is recited to remind citizens of


    the independence of each of the fifty states.

    the terrible battles of the Revolutionary War.

    the artistic and cultural achievements of Americans.

    the unity and justice represented by the American flag.



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  • A city forms a program in which businesses
    agree to hire teenagers for the summer. A few
    days before the program begins, businesses
    have pledged 250 jobs, and there are
    500 teenagers signed up to participate. To deal
    with this situation, the city could do each of the
    following EXCEPT

    hire 250 teenagers and put the remainder on a waiting list.

    look for more businesses to participate in the program.

    delay the program’s starting date.

    give all 500 teenagers a job in the program.



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  • Economic cooperation among nations occurs when nations


    engage in a tariff war.

    trade with each other.

    become more isolated.

    adopt a policy of no trade with other nations.



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  • The above statements are in agreement on which of the following points?


    that the landfill must be closed immediately because of toxic waste leakage
    that the landfill causes minimal risk to the health of community residents
    that the expense of finding a new landfill site is not the most important consideration
    that a new landfill site needs to be found because the present landfill is almost filled to capacity



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  • Throughout American history, which tax has
    been used most frequently to support public
    elementary and secondary schools?

    income tax

    sales tax

    inheritance tax

    property tax



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  • The Constitution grants the legislative branch of the United States government the power to


    determine the constitutionality of laws.

    propose amendments to the Constitution.

    pass ex post facto laws.

    grant pardons and reprieves.



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  • The legislature of the state of Ohio has the power to


    determine the constitutionality of laws.

    propose amendments to the Constitution.

    pass ex post facto laws.

    grant pardons and reprieves.



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  • Which of the flags below represents the United States today?




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  • Which of the following actions concerning
    public health and safety would be handled by
    the executive branch of city government?

    passing a law to provide water and sewer
    service

    raising taxes for additional fire stations

    inspecting restaurants and institutional kitchens

    deciding lawsuits for damages from a broken water main



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  • In Country C, transportation, energy, and major
    manufacturing industries are in the hands of the
    government. Most local retail companies are
    owned and controlled by individuals. Country
    C is best described as having a

    socialist system.

    communist system.

    capitalist system.

    fascist system.



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  • Which of the letters on the map above accurately identifies the location of Ohio?


    A
    B
    C
    D


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  • Which of the following economic systems is
    based on the theory that consumers benefit
    from competition among privately owned
    companies?


    capitalism

    communism

    Marxism

    socialism


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  • Which level of government is responsible for deciding how old you must be to join the army?


    city government

    county government

    state government

    national government



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  • A local government is usually responsible for


    issuing passports.

    treating the water supply.

    registering motor vehicles.

    setting the minimum voting age.



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  • Which of the letters on the above map
    identifies the location of the capital of the
    United States?


    A
    B
    C
    D


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  • Which of the following is NOT a power held by state governments?


    the power to establish voter registration requirements

    the power to make treaties with foreign governments

    the power to establish marriage and divorce laws

    the power to regulate trade within the state



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  • Above is a portion of a map of the United
    States. Which letter on the map above
    identifies the location of Columbus, Ohio?


    A
    B
    C
    D


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  • Which of the following is most characteristic of a dictatorship?


    strong limits on the powers of government

    multiple political parties

    the use of military force to stay in power

    the progressive income tax



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  • Which of the letters on the map identifies the location of the United States?


    A
    B
    C
    D


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  • The Governor of Ohio has proposed a new bill
    regulating hazardous waste disposal. Which of
    the following must occur next if the proposed
    bill is to become a law?

    A member of the Ohio legislature
    introduces the bill into the legislature.

    The bill is sent to the appropriate
    committee of the legislature for study.
    The state environmental agency must
    approve the bill.

    The Governor approves or vetoes the bill.



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  • An amendment to the United States
    Constitution has been proposed by Congress.
    What must happen in order for the amendment
    to become part of the Constitution?

    The amendment must be approved by the President.

    The amendment must be approved by the Supreme Court.

    The amendment must be ratified by three fourths of the states.

    The amendment must be ratified by three fourths of the Senate.



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  • In Country X, the elected officials run the
    government according to a constitution that
    guarantees the rights and liberties of the
    citizens. Which of the following best describes
    the system of government in Country X?

    an absolute monarchy

    an aristocracy

    a representative democracy

    a military dictatorship



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  • Which of the following is a valid way of removing a state law in Ohio?


    The secretary of state announces that the law is invalid.

    The law is declared unconstitutional by the Governor.

    A majority of voters in a statewide referendum votes to reject the law.

    The attorney general issues a revised code of laws.



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  • Jenny’s art program is cut when her school has
    a budget crisis. She decides to protest the
    school’s action. Legally, Jenny has the right to
    take any of the following actions EXCEPT

    painting protest signs on the walls of the
    principal’s office.
    publishing the names of the school
    administrators who cut the program.
    organizing an after-school picket line
    around the school’s administrative offices.

    sponsoring a student rally after school.



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  • Ben’s car was damaged when he drove over a
    pothole on his street. He plans to take action
    against the city. Which of the following is a
    legal action for Ben to take?

    deducting the amount of the car repairs
    from his car registration fee
    blocking the street until the city fixes the
    pothole

    making a public threat against the Mayor

    suing the city for payment of the car repairs



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  • Which of the following public official positions is usually filled by election?


    an Ohio state judge

    an Ohio city manager

    a federal judge

    a presidential cabinet member



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  • The citizens of a state decide to vote on
    whether to raise the drinking age to 21 years. It
    is further proposed that only people 21 or older
    be allowed to vote on this question. Which of
    the following best explains what is
    unconstitutional in the situation described
    above?

    The Constitution prohibits elections in
    which the results affect people who did not
    vote.
    The Constitution sets the national drinking
    age at 18.
    The Constitution prevents states from
    making local election laws.
    The Constitution guarantees 18-year-olds
    the right to vote in all elections.


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  • Which of the following is an important function of a national political party?


    to pay all the costs of national elections

    to collect dues from people wishing to register to vote

    to nominate judges for the Supreme Court

    to develop a political platform



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  • Months before a national election, members
    and delegates of a political party come from all
    over the country to attend a national
    convention. The major purpose of the
    convention is

    to form national interest groups.

    to nominate the party’s presidential candidate.

    to raise money for a campaign.

    to debate with members of an opposing party.



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  • John must meet certain requirements before he
    can vote. Which of the following CANNOT
    be used to determine whether he is qualified to
    vote in a state or local election?

    his age

    his citizenship

    his residency

    his ethnic background



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  • Which of the following actions can Stacy take
    if he wants federal judges in the courts who
    share his political views?

    vote for a President who is likely to appoint
    federal judges who agree with his views
    vote for the federal judge whose previous
    decisions most closely reflect his political
    views
    vote for a senator who is most likely to
    appoint federal judges who agree with his
    views
    vote for a Governor whose campaign
    platform reflects his political views



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  • A county code of ethical conduct prevents
    elected officials from publicly criticizing the
    legal decisions of judges. When an elected
    county council member disagrees with a
    judge’s decision, which of the following is
    NOT ethical conduct for the council member?

    telephoning the judge to discuss his
    concerns about the case
    issuing a news release saying that the judge
    has made a foolish rulingwriting a criticism of the judge in his diary
    writing a criticism of the judge in his diary
    holding a press conference to announce that
    he has been following the case closely


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  • According to the map, in what direction
    would you be traveling if you were going from
    Cincinnati to Cleveland?

    southeast

    northeast

    northwest

    southwest



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  • Edward is a citizen of the United States who
    does NOT own property. Which of the
    following statements is true about his eligibility
    to vote?

    Because he does not own property, he
    cannot vote in a primary.
    He can vote in a state or national election,
    but not in a local one.
    His lack of property does not affect his
    eligibility to vote.
    He cannot vote on any referendums
    concerning property taxes.


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  • The graph above shows the average number of
    Loganville residents riding the bus or train
    daily during a four-year period. Based on the
    graph, which of the following statements is
    NOT accurate?

    The average number of people who rode
    the train daily increased every year during
    the four-year period.
    The average number of people who rode
    the bus daily increased every year during
    the four-year period.
    On average, there were as many people
    riding the train daily as there were people
    riding the bus daily in 1988.
    During the four-year period, the average
    number of people riding the bus daily was
    the highest in 1989.


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  • A survey of the citizens of Lawnacre revealed
    that many of them did NOT vote because they
    believed that their candidate would be elected
    by other voters. If this trend continues in
    upcoming elections in Lawnacre, what will be
    the most likely result?

    Candidates will run for reelection less frequently.

    Candidates preferred by a majority of the citizens will continue to be elected into office.

    Candidates will call for more frequent recounts of votes.

    Candidates preferred by a majority of the citizens will not always win elections.



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  • A local company is planning to build a toxic
    substance dump just outside the city limits.
    Which of the following people would be the
    best to consult to see if this is legal?

    the president of the company

    the director of the Environmental
    Protection Agency
    the executive secretary of the Chamber of
    Commerce

    the head of the city Parks and Recreation Department



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  • As a newly naturalized U.S. citizen, Nilgun
    wants to be an active member of her new
    community. Which of the following activities
    is the best example of active community
    service?

    collecting signatures for a petition

    applying for a driver’s license

    checking out books from the library

    paying sales taxes at local stores



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  • Bob is unsure whether he is qualified to vote in
    an Ohio election. Which of the following
    would disqualify him from voting?

    He is a naturalized citizen of the United States.

    He is a resident of another state.

    He does not have a full-time job.

    He has never contributed money to a political campaign.



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  • Bob refuses to hire qualified people who are
    not the same ethnicity as he is. Which of the
    following is NOT true?

    Bob’s hiring policy is illegal.

    Bob’s hiring policy may lead to a boycott
    of his products.
    Bob’s hiring policy will ensure that his
    workers are paid higher wages.
    Bob’s hiring policy could result in his not
    employing the person most qualified for the
    job.


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  • According to the map, which of the following was 50 miles north of Fort St. Clair?


    Lake Erie

    Fort Recovery

    the Ohio River

    Fort Greene Ville



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  • Which of the following is the main function of the judicial branch of state governments?


    to make laws

    to interpret laws

    to amend laws

    to administer laws



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  • All of the following have contributed to cultural diversity in the United States EXCEPT


    religious freedom.

    immigration restrictions.

    economic opportunity.

    democratic government.



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  • Janet, who was just released from jail, has been
    accused of shoplifting. Because the courts are
    very busy, the judge stated that Janet’s case
    might not be tried for several years. According
    to the Bill of Rights, which of the following
    statements is true?

    The Bill of Rights entitles Janet to a speedy
    trial.
    Because she is accused of a crime, Janet’s
    constitutional rights have been suspended.
    Because she has a criminal record, Janet
    will have to wait in jail until her case is
    tried.
    Janet cannot be tried for a crime that is
    similar to the one she had served time for.


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  • Juan has decided he wants to perform
    community service. Which of the following
    activities would help him do this?

    pay taxes

    testify at a trial

    work part-time at a fast-food restaurant

    volunteer for the city park clean-up committee



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