Read this sentence from paragraph 1 of the passage.
"It was lined with rubies, diamonds, topaz, turquoise and many others."
In which sentence below does the word lined have the same meaning as in this sentence?
“In my slow, painstaking, ragged handwriting, I copied into my tablet everything printed on that first page, down to the punctuation marks.” (paragraph 3)
Which of the following is the best definition for painstaking?
“I suppose it was inevitable that as my word-base broadened, I could for the first time pick up a book and read and now begin to understand what the book was saying.” (paragraph 7)
Which of the following is the definition for inevitable?
“I spent two days riffling uncertainly through the dictionary’s pages. I’d never realized so many words existed! I didn’t know which words I needed to learn. Finally, just to start some kind of action, I began copying.” (paragraph 2)
Which of the following is the best summary of the excerpt given above?
to let the reader decide which is the better bird
“But a bird that stalks down his narrow cage can seldom see through his bars of rage” (stanza 2)
Which of the following best describes the effect of the metaphor in the stanza above?
It explains that the bird that is trapped may
“A free bird leaps on the back of the wind and floats downstream till the current ends and dips his wing in the orange sun rays and dares to claim the sky.” (stanza 1)
Which of the following most closely means the same thing as claim?
Why does the passage open with the line, “What a difference a decade makes”?
to highlight how quickly time passes
to highlight the difficulty of post-fire recovery
to highlight the cycle of nature
to highlight the limitation of natural processes
Which of the following is a detail from the passage intended to convey that the population of such wildlife as three-toed woodpeckers actually increased after the fire?
After the danger passed, wildlife returned.
Downed trees created a habitat that sustained a food chain.
Tourism decreased, minimizing the danger to woodpeckers.
After the fire, predators of birds abandoned the forest floor.
Based on paragraph 9, which of the following would the author support?
increased spending on fire fighting in national parks
periodically setting “controlled fires” in national parks
viewing fire as the enemy and discovering ways to fight it
educating people about the dangers of wildfires when they visit national parks
The passage uses the word ornithologist (paragraph 11). The suffix “-logist” comes from Latin and Greek and it means “the study of.”
Which of the following things does an ornithologist study?
According to paragraph 8, you can infer that lodgepole pines
are the oldest of all pine trees.
provide a natural habitat for insects.
were totally destroyed by the fires.
have seeds that are best distributed by fire.
Which of the following best describes Codrescu’s audience?
immigrants waiting to become American citizens
the children of recent American immigrants
people who have just become American citizens
people studying to become American citizens
With which of the following would the author most likely agree?
New Americans should leave their old ways behind.
New Americans are no different than any other Americans.
New Americans require more education than other Americans.
New Americans help revitalize America.
The story of the exchange between the author and the bus driver is intended to convey which of the following?
The author was lonely and missing his family.
The author’s clothes did not fit him.
The author was ambitious and had many ideas for success.
The author did not yet speak English well.
The author advises new Americans to
try to become like their neighbors.
hold on to the opinions they formed in their native countries.
remember the difficulties of living in their native countries.
forget the hatreds and problems they had in their native countries.
The author implies that America has changed since he came here. Which of the following best describes the change he implies?
America has become a more comfortable place to live.
America has become even more diverse and culturally rich.
More immigrants from Europe have arrived.
The children of immigrants behave differently.
Which of the following best restates the meaning of the last line of the speech (“It’s your turn.”)?
New Americans have the chance to help shape America.
New Americans should try to become as successful as possible.
New Americans need to teach their children about their “old” customs and habits.
New Americans have the obligation to share their customs with other Americans.