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OH GT 2004 Social Studies

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  • In 1789, the French National Assembly issued the “Declaration of the Rights of Man,” based in part on the concepts expressed in the U.S. Declaration of Independence in 1776. Both documents reflected the Enlightenment belief that governments exist to protect the natural rights of citizens. What developments in France and the United States attempted to assure the implementation of this concept of government?

    drafting constitutional protections
    restoring monarchical rule
    gaining additional territory
    expanding the slave trade


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  • One effect of widespread suburbanization in the United States during the 1920s was

    airlines adding routes to new cities.
    increased reliance upon the automobile.
    decreased immigration from Europe and Asia.
    television replacing radio as the most popular medium.


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  • Voters wishing to determine the reliability of a candidate’s campaign advertisement should pay particular attention to

    the appropriateness of the campaign slogan.
    the number of accusations against the opponent.
    how well the candidate has supported his or her position with facts.
    how much money the candidate has spent on advertising.


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  • Freedom of speech and freedom of the press are limited by

    the 14th Amendment.
    laws against slander and libel.
    checks and balances of state governments.
    the government’s power of eminent domain.


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  • A citizen group wants the local government to approve funding for a new public park in the city’s downtown area. What statement could help support the position that the downtown area is an appropriate location for the park?

    The city will have to pay to maintain the park.
    There are already several public parks in the city.
    Many residents have signed a petition supporting the site of the proposed park.
    The city could use the proposed location to build government offices.


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  • How did the U.S. Constitution change as a result of the ratification of the 19th Amendment?

    The right of suffrage was extended to women.
    Freedom of assembly was restricted.
    The power of government decreased.
    Freedom of the press was strengthened.


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  • Progressive reformers after 1900 sought federal legislation to regulate working conditions and to set a minimum age for child labor. The need for this legislation was prompted by

    Civil War casualties leading to children taking the jobs of adults.
    unions restricting membership to adult workers.
    industrialists using child labor to keep production costs down.
    lack of job opportunities for children seeking after-school jobs.


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  • When the government controls all major industries and decides what products will be produced and how many of each type of product will be produced, what type of economy is described?

    mixed
    market
    traditional
    command


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  • The proposal by Great Britain to grant Indian independence in 1947 drew opposition from Muslim leaders. Their view was that they were denied a voice in the Hindudominated independence movement. As a result, Indian Muslims wanted

    a separate independent Muslim country.
    the continuation of British rule until differences could be resolved.
    an independent India dominated by Muslims.
    the forced evacuation of Hindus from India.


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  • Charles Schenck was found guilty of violating the 1917 Espionage Act by distributing leaflets through the mail urging men to resist induction under the military draft for World War I. On appeal, Schenck’s attorneys argued the distribution of the leaflets was protected by the First Amendment. The Supreme Court upheld his conviction. This case illustrates how individual rights can be balanced against

    the rights of other individuals.
    the security of the nation in a time of war.
    the opportunities for people to enlist in the military.
    the interest of the government in keeping courts open to provide justice.


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  • Ecuador is a major exporter of bananas, a product in high demand in the United States. How might the United States adjust its trade policy toward Ecuador to assure a supply?

    eliminate the tariff on bananas from Ecuador
    increase export taxes on U.S. products sold to Ecuador
    increase tariffs on bananas from Ecuador
    prohibit the import of any other products from Ecuador


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  • How did technological innovations of the late 20th century, such as communications satellites and the Internet, contribute to the exchange of cultural practices?

    They improved the efficiency of local governments.
    They reduced economic inequality among nations.
    They decreased the need for international cooperation.
    They increased opportunities to exchange information and ideas.


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  • Which source of information about candidates for public office probably would be free of bias?

    a pamphlet written by a political campaign worker
    a newspaper editorial stating the newspaper’s position
    a reprint of the complete text of the last candidate debate
    a political advertisement paid for by a political action committee


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  • A noticeable change in the conduct of global trade in the last few decades is that trade issues between countries are often replaced by trade issues between regions. What accounts for this change?

    developing nations discouraging trade with developed nations
    the United Nations having the final authority over trade disputes
    the persistence of ethnic unrest, changing national boundaries, and widespread drought and disease
    the formation of international trading blocs, such as the North American Free Trade Agreement and the European Union


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  • What factor contributed to the migration of large numbers of people from Europe
    to the United States in the late 19th century?

    Industrialization in the United States attracted laborers from Europe.
    Economic prosperity in Europe allowed people to purchase land in the United
    States.
    European social reform movements wanted to spread their beliefs to the
    United States.
    The United States needed people to colonize the overseas territories it had
    recently acquired.


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